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18650 21700… Cylindrical Cell Laboratory R&D Line

Battery Process

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18650 21700… Cylindrical Cell Laboratory R&D Line

Item No.: XW-CYLIND-L;
Application: Full set 18650 21700 32650 4680… laboratory research equiments and materials for lithium-ion/sodium-ion battery R&D;
Warranty: One Year warranty with lifetime support;
Order(MOQ): 1 set;
Payment: T/T,Western Union, Paypal,L/C;
Product Origin: China;
Lead Time: in stock or 1-10days,ect;
Note: XIAOWEI factory supports OEM.

 

Cylindrical Cell Laboratory R&D Process:

lab cylindrical cell battery making process

(1)Battery Materials Baking

The first is the confirmation and baking of battery materials. Generally, battery conductive agents need to be baked at 120°C for 8 hours. PVDF powder should be baked at 80℃ for 8 hours. The positive active material (LFP, NCM, etc.) depends on the status of the incoming materials and whether the process requires baking and drying.
The negative electrode of lithium battery is composed of negative active material, conductive agent, battery binder and dispersant. The traditional anode electrode system is a water mixing process (the solvent is deionized water), so the incoming material does not need to be dried. This process requires: deionized water conductivity ≤1us/cm. Workshop temperature ≤40℃, humidity: ≤25%RH.

(2)Battery Slurry Mixing

Cathode material mixing

About cathode active material mixing. We need to pay attention to the feeding sequence (add cathode active material and conductive agent slowly mix, then add binder), feeding time, feeding ratio, to strictly according to the process. Secondly, it is necessary to strictly control the rotation and rotation speed of equipment, vacuum degree and temperature of stirring. The slurry needs to be filtered when it is turned out, the purpose of filtration is to filter large particles, precipitation and removal of ferromagnetism and other substances. The influence of large particles coating to the final may lead to the battery from the risk of large or short circuit; The size of the ferromagnetic material too high will lead to the battery self-discharge too large and so on.

Anode material mixing
The anode of lithium battery is composed of anode active materials, conductive agent, battery binder and dispersant. The conventional anode electrode system is a water mixing process (the solvent is deionized water), so the incoming material does not require drying. After confirmation of the material, prepare glue solution (CMC powder and water composition) first. Pour the graphite powder and conductive agent(Carbon black, CNTs, Graphene, etc.) into the battery slurry mixer for dry mixing. Finally, pour the SBR binder into the mixer. It is recommended to stir quickly within a short time .
The final viscosity (2000 ~ 4000 mPa. S), particle size (35um≤), solid content (40-70%), vacuum sifting (≤100 mesh). The specific process value needs to be different according to material properties, mixing process and so on.

(3)Battery Electrode Coating Process

The cathode electrode coating is the cathode slurry extrusion coating or spraying on the cathode current collector aluminum foil, the density of one side is 20 to 40 mg/cm2.
Anode electrode coating is the anode slurry extrusion coating or spraying on the anode current collector copper foil.

(4)Electrode Baking

The drying of pole piece generally needs to consider 3 points, baking temperature, baking time and baking environment. The baking temperature of NMP needs to be above 100℃. Under the premise of drying, the baking temperature should be reduced as far as possible and the baking time should be increased. For some materials that are easily oxidized or unstable in high temperature air, they need to be baked in an inert atmosphere oven. Drying conditions can also be determined by directly measuring the moisture content of the electrode.

(5)Battery Electrode Rolling Press

After coating, the dry composite material coating is relatively loose. If used directly, it is easy to fall off and damage after being infiltrated by electrolyte. Roller machine can be used for tablet pressing. Generally, the positive electrode coating can be pressed to 15~60 μm. The stability, fastness and electrochemical properties of the electrode were improved after the tablet was pressed, and the test performance was better than that of the sample without press.

(6)Electrode Cutting/Slitting

The prepared electrode piece is put on the punching machine and rushed out of the small electrode. The diameter of the small electrode can be adjusted according to the size of the punching die of the punching machine. The finished electrode needs to be selected. Try to select the electrode with no burr, no powder dropping, and smooth surface and edge.

(7) Electrode Tab Welding

Transfer the prepared electrodes to an inert atmosphere glove box and prepare the coin cell assembly components: anode case, lithium metal plate, battery separator, gasket, spring plate (nickel foam), cathode case, electrolyte, in addition to the crimper, pipette and insulating tweezers.

Place the anode side of the coin cell up on the coin cell crimper. Paper towels can be used to absorb the spilled electrolyte. Then crimping the battery, complete assembly and prepare the coin cell, take it out with insulating tweezers, observe whether the appearance of the preparation is complete and wipe clean with paper towels.

(8) Battery Electrode Winding

The lithium battery winding machine is used to wind lithium battery cells. It is a machine that assembles the positive electrode sheet, negative electrode sheet and separator of the battery into a core package in a continuous rotating manner. The winding machine has positive and negative electrode feeding units, and the part that winds the positive and negative electrode separators together is called a winding needle.
Depending on the shape and type of the winding core package, winding equipment can be mainly divided into two categories: square winding and cylindrical winding.

(9) Battery Anode Tab Welding

Battery Ultrasonic welding machine commonly used The laboratory battery research will use an ultrasonic welder to complete the welding of tab-tab, tab-electrode, and electrode-electrode. The ultrasonic mold welding head can be changed to complete the welding of pouch cell battery (tab-electrode welding) and cylindrical battery welding (cap-tab welding)

Ultrasonic welding machine is easy to operate, has a solid welding structure, and is stable and safe to use.

(10) Cylindrical Cell Case Grooving

Grooving Machine Suitable for uniform automatic rolling grooves of cylindrical steel shells equipped with battery cells to form notches and fix cylindrical battery cells.

(11) Cylindrical Cell Cap Welding

Battery Ultrasonic welding machine commonly used The laboratory battery research will use an ultrasonic welder to complete the welding of tab-tab, tab-electrode, and electrode-electrode. The ultrasonic mold welding head can be changed to complete the welding of pouch cell battery (tab-electrode welding) and cylindrical battery welding (cap-tab welding)

Ultrasonic welding machine is easy to operate, has a solid welding structure, and is stable and safe to use.

(12) Electrolyte Filling

Electrolyte diffusion chamberis device specifically designed for professional Li-ion Battery Research. It is mainly used for removing air from the electrolyte after it’s been injected into the polymer Li-ion cell/cylinder cell or after the formation for final sealing under a vacuumed condition. It is easy to operate and suitable for all types of batteries (especially soft bag battery and cylinder battery). Unique periods of vacuum control system allows electrolyte to thoroughly saturate the electrodes to ensure the best battery charging-discharging performance.

(13) Cylindrical Cell Battery Sealing

Laboratory research – cylindrical batteries are automatically sealed, automatically fed in and out, and passed through primary, secondary and tertiary sealing. The sealing edges are smooth, air tight, high dimensional accuracy, high efficiency, good consistency and other advantages. Cylindrical lithium battery sealing machine

(11) Battery Tester

After completing the above steps, we can use the battery tester to start measuring the cylindrical cell we have prepared.

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